Scratching the Surface brings together 14 anti-racist feminists who examine ways in which race and gender interact to shape the lives of women of colour in Canada. This collection of articles covers a broad range of topics such as the impact of colonialism and its associated discourses on First Nations and other groups of colonized women; racism in the Canadian labour movement; the impact of globalization on women of colour; the ways in which the institution of the nuclear family shapes racism; sexism in communities of colour; and the ways in which the women's movement can create an anti-racist praxis. The book not only provides exciting new insights into how women of colour experience Canadian society, but also provides instructors with a textbook that integrates anti-racist and feminist approaches.
Introduction: Canadian Anti-Racist Feminist Thought: Scratching the Surface of Racism Enakshi Dua
Part I: Colonialism and the Historical Construction of Gender
Chapter One: The Discourse of Empire and the Social Construction of Gender Linda Carty
Chapter Two: Colonialism and First Nations Women in Canada Winona Stevenson
Part II: The Post-Colonial Economy and the Consolidation of Racialized Labour Markets
Chapter Three: Black Women and Work: The Impact of Racially Constructed Gender Roles on the Sexual Division of Labour Dionne Brand
Chapter Four: Do You Call Me “Sister”?: Women of Colour and the Canadian Labour Movement Ronnie Joy Leah
Chapter Five: Restructuring at the Margins: Women of Colour and the Changing Economy Christina Gabriel
Part III: The Canadian State and the Institutionalization of Race and Gender Relations
Chapter Six: Self-Government and Aboriginal Women Sharon Donna McIvor
Chapter Seven: The Politics of Multiculturalism: “Immigrant Women” and the Canadian State Tania Das Gupta
Chapter Eight: Gender and Race in “Non-discriminatory” Immigration Policies in Canada: 1960s to the Present Sedef Arat-Koc
Part IV: The Racialized Construction of Gender
Chapter Nine: Beyond Diversity: Exploring the Ways in Which the Discourse of Race has Shaped the Institution of the Nuclear Family Enakshi Dua
Chapter Ten: A Question of Silence: Reflections on Violence Against Women in Communities of Colour Himani Bannerji
Part V: Canadian Institutions: Reproducing Marginalization
Chapter Eleven: R.D.S. v. Her Majesty the Queen: A Case About Home Sherene Razack
Chapter Twelve: Racism, Women’s Health, and Reproductive Freedom Carolyn Egan and Linda Gardner
Chapter Thirteen: Continuing on the Ground: Feminists of Colour Discuss Organizing Angela Robertson
Enakshi Dua is Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology at Queen’s University.
Angela Robertson is the Executive Director of Sistering, a center for homeless and marginalized women in Toronto.
"Scratching the Surface represents a much needed, accessible, and original contribution to Canadian feminist thought. It will certainly add to the critical literature on feminism and anti-racism."
Alissa Trotz, Institute of Women’s Studies, Queen’s University
"A significant and long overdue anthology, Scratching the Surface reminds us that any analysis of feminist theory must be rooted in the histories of colonialism and imperialism.
Peggy Bristow, Coordinator and Co-Author “We’re Rooted Here and They Can’t Pull Us Up”: Essays in African Canadian Women’s History
"This needed collection builds on critical anti-racism scholarship, helps theorize insurgent responses to racialized and gendered discourses of "nation" and "democratic citizenship," and addresses how women of colour negotiate their identities and politics across several historical domains."
George J. Sefa Dei, Sociology of Education, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto
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