"The updated edition of this perceptive study could hardly appear at a more auspicious moment, as the latest phase of the tragedy of Haiti is unfolding. It brilliantly illuminates the rich tapestry of Haitian culture and reveals the remarkable resilience of the Haitian people, subjected to centuries of rapacity and violence and brutally punished for revealing the limited definition of freedom adopted by the French and American revolutions, in the author's accurate words. As he relates, they have continued to teach such lessons to this day, frightening the rich and powerful in their own tortured land and at the centers of global rule. It is our great loss if we choose not to understand, and there is no better starting point than this learned and penetrating inquiry."— Noam Chomsky, Institute Professor Emeritus, Department of Linguistics and Philosophy, MIT
List of Maps and PhotographsPreface to New EditionIntroductionChapter 1: The Nature of Haiti: Land and SocietyThe Land, the People, and Natural ResourcesVodou Cosmology: World View at the CrossroadsWomen and SocietyChapter 2: The Context of Haitian Development and UnderdevelopmentSaint-Domingue: Wealth Amid PovertyThe Haitian Revolution (1791–1806)
Postindependence Crises: Structures, InstitutionsEarly Foreign Policy: Diplomatic And Trade RelationsHaitian Social Thought and LiteratureChapter 3: Modernization and Dependence: Twentieth-Century HaitiCaudillism and ModernizationThe U.S. Occupation, 1915–1934The Caco WarsThe Aftermath of the U.S. Occupation: Stability and Turmoil, 1934–1956Prelude to Dictatorship: The Elections of 1957Dynastic Dictatorship: The Duvalier Years, 1957–1986Chapter 4: The Haitian Economy and the National Security StateApplied Economics: The Puerto Rican Model of Development?The National Security StateChapter 5: Politics and GovernmentThe Constitution of 1987 and National InstitutionsThe Military Dictatorship and the Electoral Campaigns of 1987–1988Peasant Organizations, Structures and InstitutionsChapter 6: Heralding the Bicentennial: Breaks and ContinuityThree Generals and a LadyThe Failed Era: Aristide and the Anatomy of a CoupOn Wings of Eagles: Continuity and UncertaintiesConclusionAppendix 1NotesBibliographical EssayIndex
Professor Patrick Bellegarde-Smith teaches courses on Latin America, the Caribbean and Africa in the Department of Africology at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He received a doctorate in the fields of International Politics, Latin American History and Comparative Politics from The American University. He has written extensively on issues of Haitian cultural and national identity, Haitian social thought and philosophy, and the Vodou religion. He is Haitian, and is a houngan asogwe, an initiate and priest of Vodou.
"Haiti: The Breached Citadel is one of the smartest, most thorough and most lyrical books ever written about Haiti. On the bicentennial of Haiti's independence, this second edition offers extraordinary insight into a much maligned but enduring history and culture. Whether you've never heard of Haiti or think you know it well, you will learn a great deal from these pages."— Edwidge Danticat, Haitian Writer
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